Members of the United States military forces are prosecuted in the special military court, which is called a court-martial. Court-martial proceedings take the form of a trial with a presiding judge, a prosecutor and defensive counsel, who are all trained lawyers and also military officers. The jury also consists of military officers. A court-martial is convened to try members of the U.S. military forces for violations of the Uniform Code of Military Justice.
Military crimes are categorized into three categories. Summary court-martial is a court where one officer serves both as a judge and the jury. Such court may sentence up to 30 days in military jail. Special court-martial is the military equivalent of a criminal misdemeanor court, which may sentence up to 6 months. Finally, in general court-martial proceedings the accused may be sentenced to death or life sentence. There are also hosts of non-judicial procedures known as Non-judicial punishment (NJP) in the Navy and Marine Corps.
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